Marine Mammal Health Monitoring and Analysis Platform (M.A.P.)
Need for the Marine Mammal Health MAP
Making marine mammal health information more accessible.
Marine mammals face an increasing number of health threats. Peer-reviewed publications on the increasing frequency of emerging diseases, harmful algal blooms (HABs), and human interactions suggest a decline in marine mammal health. However, a recent literature review highlighted that these publications are not a reliable indicator of underlying health trends (Simeone et al 2015). The authors called for direct, near-real time access to centralized, standardized marine mammal health data. Beginning in 2014, the Marine Mammal Commission and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s (NOAA’s) National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) Office of Protected Resources in collaboration with a growing number of partners have been developing a nationally centralized, ultimately near-real-time, system for reporting data on marine mammal health called the Marine Mammal Health Monitoring and Analysis Platform (Health MAP).
To highlight and understand the connections between oceanography, ecosystem processes and marine mammal health this project’s mission is to bring together measures of ocean and marine mammal health using a Web-based data management platform. Health MAP will provide online access to marine mammal health data collected through stranding events, and health assessments (among others) that can be visualized and analyzed in relation to environmental conditions such as sea surface temperature, salinity, and primary productivity. This will give the public, scientists, and resource managers an unprecedented ability to detect and communicate potential public and animal health risks in our changing ocean environment and to prioritize management and conservation efforts.
Explore a prototype Web-interface for some pilot project Health MAP data on marine mammal strandings on the West Coast.
Health MAP will provide:
- A readily accessible, interactive tool to evaluate changes in marine mammal health by location, time and in relation to environmental data.
- Integrated marine mammal health data from a variety of sources including strandings, entanglement response, live capture-release health assessments and other research projects, fisheries bycatch, and subsistence monitoring.
- Marine mammal health data as data layers for integration with ecosystem and oceanographic data through a Web-based data portal such as the U.S. Integrated Ocean Observing System (US IOOS).
Developing Health MAP
Several projects started in 2016 that will contribute key pieces to the development of a national data management system and portal for Health MAP and realize its ultimate vision. In the Gulf of Mexico a prototype database is being developed for Health MAP data and the first of five nationally planned data diplomats for Health MAP has been established in the Gulf to support this project.
Beginning in October 2016 a project led by Axiom Data Science is working to develop the user interface, visualization and analysis tools for Health MAP. Initially Axiom will be developing the tools to work with the data from the Gulf of Mexico prototype database and interface with the Gulf Coast Ocean Observing System (GCOOS) portal for environmental datasets, but ultimately transition to support all data sources and Health MAP nationally. Developers from Harte Research Institute, Texas A & M University Corpus Christi and GCOOS are also collaborating with the other projects and working to develop system design and architecture recommendations for Health MAP nationally. With all of these projects as well as ongoing efforts by other contributors and subject matter experts 2017 promises to be an exciting time of growth and development for Health MAP. Please check back here or follow us on Twitter for updates.
For further information please contact Sam Simmons (firstname.lastname@example.org).
Health MAP Partners
In addition to the Commission, partners currently actively engaged in Health MAP development include:
- NOAA Fisheries Marine Mammal Health and Stranding Response Program
- The U.S. Integrated Ocean Observing System
- The Marine Mammal Center
- The National Fish and Wildlife Foundation
- SeaWorld Parks and Entertainment
- Harte Research Institute, Texas A & M University Corpus Christi
- The Gulf Coast Ocean Observing System (GCOOS)
- Axiom Data Science
Other Connected Programs
To make connections between marine wildlife health and terrestrial wildlife health, Health MAP data will be summarized and shared with the Wildlife Health Information Sharing Partnership – event response system (WHISPers). Health MAP data will also be available to the Emergency Response Management Application (ERMA). ERMA provides environmental resource managers with the data necessary to make informed decisions for environmental response, for example to oil spills.